Free law search engines
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In addition to hosting law search engines, this site also hosts my legal scholarship:
The search-box searches the articles on this site and is much more precise than google:
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FREE FULL TEXT ONLINE LAW SEARCH ENGINES
GERMANY - DEUTSCHLAND
OPERATORSAND conjunction (logical and) (must be capitalized)
OR inclusive disjunction (logical or) (must be capitalized) The pipe symbol | also works.
NOT - negation (exclusion) (logical not). The minus symbol - also works.
(searchterm) Order of precedence
~ includes synonyms e.g. "theoretical~" would return unstemmed synonyms.
"" Literal, e.g. "searchterm" would return only the exact word searchterm. Note that literal search is better supported in Yahoo...
. At least once the full stop (dot) was reported as a character wild card but doesn't seem to function as such.
* WILD CARD (word, not character) - can be used for proximity search e.g. "eric * engle" AND "engle * eric" will return results where eric is within 1 word of Engle -- the wild card word is intransitive and may act as a proximity operator with the closer results being returned first (i.e. results within 1 word are returned ahead of results within 10 words)
Stemming (root expansion) unquoted terms are automatically expanded (stemmed) to cover variations. Thus bar exam should also return bar examination. Quoted search terms (literals) are not expanded (stemmed). Thus "bar exam" would not return nationality.
Near - sometimes people report "near" as a valid google operator - I have never had luck with it and it is undocumented.
searchterm1 AROUND(number) searchterm2 is an undocumented proximity operator.
example: "how to pass the bar exam" AROUND(20) "eric engle"
FILES OF A TYPE
Filetype:extension e.g. searchterm filetype:pdf
Filetypes which may be specified include: pdf, ps, wk1, wk2, wk3, wk4, wk5, wki, wks, wku, wp, mw, xls, ppt, doc, wks, wps, wdb, wri, rtf, swf, ans, txt. No space may occur between filetype: and the extension! filetype:doc works. Filetype: doc fails.
+ includes any stopword like a, the, an, and so on
Stopwords are common words such as "the" "a" "an" which would normally be excluded. Google had stopwords but may have eliminated them. Stopwords can be forced to be included through quoting as a literal. "Knight's Gambit to Fool's Mate" would include "to" in the search.
Supposedly, only 32 words are permitted in your search terms. Stopwords are not counted. Google will only return a maximum of 1000 pages.