欠 is a picture of a mouth on top it’s wide open food isn’t going into it words aren’t coming out of it but air is coming out of it. on the bottom is a person 人. he might be yawning, singing, or laughing. That’s its literal meaning. Metaphorically it means deficient lacking: e.g. lacking sleep, lacking decorum lacking whatever caused that gaping mouth to open wide but not say words or stuff the pie hole.
hand 手shou3 on the left （semantic）nail
丁ding1 on the right (phonetic)
哈ha1 yawn，laugh is mouth on the left 口 + closed 合he2 on the right. 合he2 means closed and is mouth with something coming out of it on top and mouth below it’s two people kissing as a symbol of “closed”
钱qian2 money = gold on the left 金jin (semantic) + crossed halberds on the right 戋jian1（phonetic). Gap/Gaping+Money=Deficit. 金+戋=钱
欠条qiantiao debt instrument
条tiao2 strip walking on top 夂zhi3, wood on the bottom 木mu4。 Wood here means pattern: Winding strip (“walking” wood e.g. paper, vine, leaves).
O.BLIGATION, DEBT INSTRUMENT, BOND
欠揍qianzou gaping mouth + smash. Smashmouth.
奏zou4=丰feng1+大da4+天tian1=奏zou4 to play.
Big4+Fertile Abundant Crosshatched1=Covering Over Heaven1 =
produce something e.g. music pleasing to heaven and thus also to heaven’s earthly prince, the emperor.
歌ge gopnik gege poyut 哥哥歌 big brother belts out good song
喜欢xihuan baraban happy drumbeat 喜欢 rhymes with yawn. drum on the left 喜 （pictogram of a drum)
欢huan1 chorus of owls feeding on the right and singing in joy as a consequence or cause of their feeding frenzy.
又you4 though now a hand is sometimes a simplified form of what used to be an owl in the oracle bone script.