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FREE FULL TEXT ONLINE LAW SEARCH ENGINES JURISTISCHE SUCHMASCHINEN - MOTEURS DE RECHERCHE JURIDIQUE




Free U.S. legal forms
INTERNATIONAL LAW
GERMANY - DEUTSCHLAND

FRANCE
EUROPEAN UNION
RUSSIA
SCHOLARSHIP GENERALLY




(Click here to set your advanced search settings)

GUIDE TO GOOGLE SEARCH OPERATORS

Logical Operators: Use ALLCAPS for boolean operators.

AND conjunction (logical and) (must be capitalized)
OR inclusive disjunction (logical or) (must be capitalized) The pipe symbol | also works.
NOT - negation (exclusion) (logical not). The minus symbol - also works.
(searchterm) Parenthesis () indicate order of precedence
Order of Precedence: parentheses, conjunction, disjunction, negation.

Quoted Literals:
"" Quoted literal, e.g. "searchterm" should return only the exact word searchterm.
allintext: searchterm

Site, author, and title searches:

Syntax: Examples:
inmeta:author
author search
inmeta:author "eric engle" OR "engle, eric" 
allintitle: title
title search
allintitle: "bar exam"
site: url
site search
torture site:http://www.mindworks.altervista.org/
filetype: extension
doc pdf txt rtf
File extension search

filetype:pdf

FILES OF A TYPE
Filetype:extension
e.g. searchterm filetype:pdf
Filetypes which may be specified include:
pdf, ps, wk1, wk2, wk3, wk4, wk5, wki, wks, wku, wp, mw, xls, ppt, doc, wks, wps, wdb, wri, rtf, swf, ans, txt.
No space may occur between filetype: and the extension!
filetype:doc works. Filetype: doc fails.

Stopwords
+ includes any stopword like a, the, an, and so on
Stopwords are common words such as "the" "a" "an" which would normally be excluded. Google had stopwords but may have eliminated them. Stopwords can be forced to be included through quoting as a literal. "Knight's Gambit to Fool's Mate" would include "to" in the search.
Undocumented and Badly Documented Google Search Operators
Stemming, wild cards, proximity, and quoted literal searches are all currently broken or in various states of neglect and disrepair on google. However, these operators may well function on other search engines and google or google may reintroduce the following as effective operators.

    Stemming (root expansion)
Unquoted terms are automatically expanded (stemmed) to cover variations.
Thus, bar exam should also return bar examination.
Quoted search terms (literals) are not expanded (stemmed).
Thus "bar exam" should not return "bar examination".
~ includes synonyms e.g. theor~ would return theoretical, theorize, theorise, theory, and all expansions of the root theor.

    Wild Cards (infix)
. The full stop (dot) has been reported as a character wild card. E.g., "search t.rm"
* Word wild card. Unlike the character wild card . dot, the word wild card asterisk * seems unbroken. The world wild card * can be used for proximity search e.g.
"eric * engle" AND "engle * eric"

will return results where eric is within 1 word of Engle

    Proximity Search (NEAR, AROUND, "searchterm * * searchterm")
The wild card word is intransitive and may act as a proximity operator with the closer results being returned first (i.e. results within 1 word are returned ahead of results within 10 words). Combining quoted literals with wild card, parentheses, AND  can approximate searches within e.g. 5 words
"eric * * * * * engle" should return eric within exactly five words of engle
"eric * engle" AND "eric * * engle" AND "eric * * * engle" should return eric within three words of engle and where eric precedes engle.
NEAR - sometimes people report "near" as a valid google operator - I have never had luck with it and if it even exists is undocumented or broken.

AROUND searchterm1 AROUND(number) searchterm2 was an undocumented proximity operator.
It too appears to be broken.
example: "how to pass the bar exam" AROUND(20) "eric engle"

Search Limitations:
Only 32 words are permitted in your search terms. Stopwords are not counted. Google will only return a maximum of 1000 pages.

Click here to set your advanced search settings

In addition to hosting law search engines, this site also hosts my legal scholarship:

Books - International LawEuropean Union Law  Legal TheoryArtificial IntelligenceAlien Tort Statute - TortsCorporations
The search-box searches my articles on this site and is much more precise than google: it allows wildcards (?, *) "quoted literals",and [proximity search] (NEAR). It's results are NOT "fuzzy" or distorted by marketing or competition considerations!
Why this site?
Most law search engines are pay-to-play: trapped behind paywalls, the information is unavailable to the public. Furthermore, most search engines only index laws of one country. Even Harvard law school does not have the search engines for Europe such as Juris or Beck, just for one example. I never saw Westlaw or Lexis in Cujas at Paris, for another example. These gaps in basic research materials leaves reformers and comparative law scholars as well as legal translators in the dark. This site cures that problem. "Mind the gap!"

Pour quoi ce site?

Les moteurs de recherche juridique sont toujours payants et limites aux sources nationales. Ainsi par example, la bibliotheque Cujas au Paris n'a pas de Westlaw ou Lexis. Les juristes qui font du droit compare et international meritent mieux, sans rien dire des juristes des NGOs qui ont peu des resources (voir fric).
Voila pour quoi ce site.

Warum diese Seite?

Die Mehrheit der juristischen Suchmaschine sind eher (Geld)suchtmaschine: die sind einfach teuer, liefern aber nur Ergebnisse aus nationalem Recht. Rechtsvergleichende und voelkerrechtliche Forscher, sogar Aktivisiten, brauchen zugaengliche, zuverlaessige internationale Rechtsquellen.
Deshalb gestaltete ich diese Webseite. Es geht um die Bildung, und das bilden von guten Gesetzen um Gerechtigkeit durch Rechtssicherheit.

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